LifeSkills Training (LST) is a, highly recommended, researched school-based substance abuse prevention program. It is uniquely designed, proven effective, and grounded in over 20 years of research. Rather than simply teaching information about drugs, LifeSkills combats the underlying causes of substance use. Other ways in which LifeSkills differs from existing substance abuse prevention programs include:
- Its effectiveness.
- Its comprehensiveness.
- Its use of interactive teaching methods.
- Its suitability for individuals from diverse backgrounds.
The LifeSkills program is designed for both:
- Elementary school students
- Middle/junior high school students
The LifeSkills program consists of three major components that cover the critical domains found to promote drug use. Research has shown that students who develop skills in these three domains are far less likely to engage in a wide range of high-risk behaviors. The three components include:
- Drug Resistance Skills enable young people to recognize and challenge common misconceptions about tobacco, alcohol and other drug use. Through coaching and practice, they learn information and practical ATOD (Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug use) resistance skills for dealing with peers and media pressure to engage in ATOD use.
- Personal Self-Management Skills teach students how to examine their self-image and its effects on behavior; set goals and keep track of personal progress; identify everyday decisions and how they may be influenced by others; analyze problem situations, and consider the consequences of each alternative solution before making decisions; reduce stress and anxiety, and look at personal challenges in a positive light.
- General Social Skills teach students the necessary skills to overcome shyness, communicate effectively and avoid misunderstandings, initiate and carry out conversations, handle social requests, utilize both verbal and nonverbal assertiveness skills to make or refuse requests, and recognize that they have choices other than aggression or passivity when faced with tough situations.